Recent studies suggest that trace metals emitted by internal combustion engines are derived mainly from combustion of lubrication oil. This hypothesis was examined by investigating the formation of particulate matter emitted from an internal combustion engine in the absence of fuel-derived soot.
Additional Particle Information
Lee, D., Miller, A., Kittelson, D.B., and M.R. Zachariah, 2005. “Characterization of Metal-bearing Diesel Nanoparticles Using Single Particle Mass Spectrometry”, Journal of Aerosol Science, vol 37/1, pp88-110. D. Lee, A. Miller, M. Zachariah and D. B. Kittelson, 2004. “Single Particle Mass Spectrometry of Metal-Bearing Diesel Nanoparticles”. ACS Symposium Series No. 890- Nanotechnology and the Environment: Applications and Implications. Chapter 17, pp142-151, ISBN: 0-8412-3877-4. Donggeun Lee,